Open Annotation of web content means the ability to make notes, attach tags, classify, apply formal semantics, and otherwise annotate any content on the web, whether or not you have update control over the server providing it - and to share those annotations in open format with others. This capability returns the tradition of scholarly "marginalia" to digital scholarship, at a higher level, using all the technical capabilities of the web.
In biomedical research, it allows among other things, semantic tagging of research publications with gene, protein, chemical compound, pathway, disease, anatomical, cell type, organism, and many other types of information "on the fly", with selected publication and selected uptake of the results. It also allows for new kinds of collaboration such as crowdsourced classification and online vitual journal clubs.
MIND Informatics is a leading research group in this technology. We co-founded and co-chair the W3C Open Annotation Community Group, one of the largest community standards groups in W3C, the World Wide Web Consortium. Our researchers were Editors and Contributors to the Open Annotation Core Data Model specification, which is based in part on integrating previous research from our group.
MIND Informatics researcher Paolo Ciccarese co-organized the Annotations @ Harvard conference and tutorial attended by over 100 people, and are co-architecting a Harvard-wide model for sharing and publishing web annotations, in collaboration with Harvard's Chief Technology Officer, Jim Waldo, and other senior computing faculty. He participates in the Harvard Library Cloud Steering and Architecture Committees, as well as the Harvard-MIT edX Developers Group Steering Committee.
Related publications from our group:
- Ciccarese P, Soiland-Reyes S, Clark T. Web Annotation as a First Class Object. IEEE Internet Computing (accepted).
- Sanderson R, Ciccarese P, Van de Sompel H. Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model. Paper at WebSci2013 (accepted).
- Sanderson R, Ciccarese P, Van de Sompel H (eds). W3C Open Annotation Data Model, Community Draft, 08 February 2013.
- Ciccarese P, Ocana M, Clark, T. Open semantic annotation of scientific publications using DOMEO.
J Biomed Semantics. 2012 Apr 24;3 Suppl 1:S1.
- Ciccarese P, Ocana M, Garcia-Castro LJ, Das S, Clark T. An Open Annotation Ontology for Science on Web 3.0. Journal of Biomedical Semantics 2011 2(Suppl2):S4.
- Ciccarese P, Ocana M, Das S, Clark T. AO: An Open Annotation Ontology for Science on the Web. Bio-Ontologies 2010, July 9-10 2010, Boston MA.